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Circle: Shaping the Digital Economy for a Globalized World

By Sunita Arnold, Jun 22, 2023

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The Dawn of Digital Currencies     

Since the advent of Bitcoin in 2009, the brainchild of the enigmatic Satoshi Nakamoto, the realm of digital currencies has undergone a remarkable evolution. This transformative journey extends from early ventures like DigiCash to the extensive range of today’s ‘altcoins.’ Digital currencies have reshaped the financial landscape, and amid inherent volatility, have woven themselves into the fabric of mainstream consciousness as a recognized and sought-after investment class. A standout in this vibrant landscape is Ethereum, which burst onto the scene in 2013 and, with its smart contract capabilities, catalyzed the growth of Decentralized Finance (DeFi).

Circle: A Fintech Pioneer

Within this dynamic ecosystem, Circle, a forward-thinking fintech firm co-founded by Jeremy Allaire and Sean Neville in 2013, has carved out a significant role. Initially a Bitcoin wallet service, Circle has adeptly adapted its offerings to keep pace with the fast-evolving crypto landscape. Its crowning achievement is the launch of USD Coin (USDC) in 2018, a milestone reached in partnership with Coinbase. As a stablecoin, USDC retains the advantages of digital currency while mitigating the severe price volatility seen in many other cryptocurrencies. This innovation reflects Circle’s mission to make digital currency accessible globally, transforming finance into a more open and inclusive space.

Stablecoins: Bridging Two Worlds

At the core of Circle’s vision lies the concept of stablecoins. By definition, stablecoins are cryptocurrencies that are designed to reduce price volatility. This is achieved by pegging their value to a stable asset, often a traditional fiat currency such as the US dollar. This link to a stable asset is what grants the “stable” in stablecoins and forms a cornerstone of their design.

Circle’s USDC enables users to transact instantly and cost-effectively, particularly in international transfers. This unique balance between stability and the benefits of digital currency makes stablecoins, like USDC, an appealing and reliable medium of exchange and store of value. They effectively bridge the gap between the conventional world of fiat currencies and the emerging landscape of cryptocurrencies, providing a critical link in the chain of the future of finance.

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Smart Contracts: Programmable Trust 

Circle is leveraging the potential of smart contracts—self-executing contracts encoded into digital form. By facilitating transparent, trustless transactions, smart contracts eliminate the need for intermediaries. Circle’s use of smart contracts has amplified the utility of digital currencies and opened new opportunities in the DeFi sector.

Circle’s integration of smart contract technology within its suite of services enhances operational efficiency and builds user trust. The automated execution of agreements reduces the time and resources required to manage transactions, and the transparency and immutability of the blockchain ensure the contract’s terms cannot be altered or manipulated once established.

Circle’s Real-World Applications

Circle’s influence goes beyond digital assets. It provides solutions that allow businesses to accept payments, manage treasury operations, and streamline settlements. For instance, a software company can utilize Circle’s APIs to accept payments in USDC, simplifying cross-border transactions. Similarly, an online platform can use Circle’s services to pay global users in USDC, bypassing traditional banking systems and their associated fees.

Risks Associated with USDC Stablecoin

Despite the many benefits of USDC, as with any digital currency, there are associated risks. It is crucial to recognize these risks to make informed decisions.

Regulatory Risk

One key concern revolves around regulatory uncertainties. Regulatory standards for cryptocurrencies vary widely across different jurisdictions and are subject to change as governments respond to the evolving landscape. Changes in regulations could potentially impact the utility and acceptance of USDC.

Smart Contract Security Risk

USDC, like many digital assets, relies on smart contracts. While these contracts provide many benefits, they are software code and thus, subject to bugs or vulnerabilities. Despite rigorous testing and auditing, potential exploits cannot be completely ruled out, posing a risk to users.


Risk of Centralization 

Although cryptocurrencies are often praised for their decentralization, stablecoins like USDC are centralized by nature, as they are issued and managed by a single entity, in this case, Circle. This centralization can create points of failure, such as the risk of mismanagement or the potential for the issuer to freeze or blacklist certain addresses. 


Counterparty Risk

Stablecoins are backed by reserve assets held by a counterparty. In the case of USDC, the counterparty is Circle, and it pledges to hold an equivalent amount of real-world assets (USD) to back each USDC issued. If, for any reason, Circle cannot fulfill this obligation, the value of USDC could be compromised. 

Technology and Adoption Risks

Finally, there are risks associated with the broader adoption and use of digital currencies. Changes in technology could impact the functionality of USDC. Similarly, if adoption doesn’t grow or if major platforms refuse to support USDC, it could limit the stablecoin’s utility.

While Circle has taken considerable steps to mitigate these risks — for instance, through regular audits and adhering to regulatory compliance — they do persist. Therefore, potential users and investors should always exercise caution and perform their own due diligence when interacting with digital currencies.

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Transparency and Compliance: Circle’s Commitment 

Circle understands the significance of trust in the digital financial landscape. Therefore, the company prioritizes transparency and compliance. Through a strategic partnership with Grant Thornton LLP, a renowned global accounting firm, Circle undergoes regular audits to confirm the reserves backing USDC. These thorough audits ensure a 1:1 ratio of USDC tokens to underlying assets,  reinforcing the stability of the digital currency and cultivating trust among its users. Circle also ensures its operations align with the regulatory frameworks of every jurisdiction it serves, bolstering its commitment to creating an open, trustworthy, and secure financial ecosystem.

Expanding the Reach: EUROC

On June 30, 2022, Circle made a significant stride by introducing EUROC, a regulated euro-backed stablecoin. The stablecoin’s reserves are held conservatively by financial institutions within the U.S. regulatory perimeter. Initially built on the Ethereum blockchain, EUROC provides seamless access to digital currency within Europe. A crypto-friendly financial institution, Silvergate Bank, was listed as the initial custodian. In line with this, Circle recently expanded EUROC natively on the Avalanche blockchain in May 2023. By leveraging the capabilities of the Avalanche blockchain, Circle continually reinforces its dedication to pioneering advancements, spearheading the evolution of the financial ecosystem. With its strategic growth in Europe, Circle consolidates its standing as a leading force in the digital currency revolution. This development underlines its unwavering dedication to deliver streamlined, reliable, and secure financial services to a global user base.

State of the USDC Ecosystem

The remarkable growth of USDC, from its inception to reaching a circulation of $45 billion in just four years, is a testament to the collaborative efforts of Circle and the wider community. Circle has always prioritized close collaboration with developers and innovators who share a common goal of harnessing the power of digital dollars on open, public blockchains to revolutionize the realms of money, payments, and finance.

From the very beginning, the community has played a vital role in shaping the success of USDC. When USDC was first launched in 2018, it garnered support from 30 exchanges, protocols, platforms, applications, and wallets. Since then, the growth and quality of the USDC ecosystem have achieved significant milestones that deserve recognition:

Diverse Blockchain Availability 

USDC is now natively available on eight different blockchains, each with its own unique features and qualities. It has emerged as the dominant digital dollar on numerous top 10 blockchains in terms of total value locked as of December 2022. 

Wallets worldwide have embraced USDC, enabling its use for sending, spending, and saving in over 190 countries. This widespread adoption has further solidified USDC’s position as a versatile and accessible digital currency.

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Integration with Protocols

Over 200 protocols have seamlessly integrated USDC into their ecosystems. This integration empowers users to leverage USDC for various purposes, including donating to charitable causes, lending and borrowing, trading, purchasing NFTs, and more.

Collaboration with Blockchain-based Games and Platforms

USDC has seamlessly integrated with blockchain-based games and platforms like Big Time, Axie Infinity, Blockade Games, and NBA Top Shot. This integration opens up new avenues for the use and utility of USDC within the gaming industry

Strategic Partnerships and Traditional Commerce

Circle has forged strategic partnerships with renowned companies like Robinhood and Block’s subsidiary TBD. Moreover, influential companies like Stripe and Twitter have shown support for USDC by enabling creators to be paid in this digital currency. Circle has also continued to expand USDC’s role in traditional commerce through partnerships with leading companies such as, Mastercard, Visa, and Worldpay from FIS.

These developments highlight the robustness and growing importance of the USDC ecosystem. The collaborative efforts of Circle, its partners, and the wider community have propelled USDC to become a trusted and widely adopted digital dollar, paving the way for the future of global finance.

Investing in Circle’s Vision

As Circle paves the way for the advancement of digital currencies, it also presents exciting investment opportunities. These opportunities are now accessible to everyone through the Linqto platform, allowing individuals to actively participate in Circle’s journey to redefine global finance. By investing in Circle shares, individuals can align themselves with a company at the forefront of the fintech revolution, driving innovation and shaping the future of the financial ecosystem.

This material, provided by Linqto, is for informational purposes only and is not intended as investment advice or any form of professional guidance. Before making any investment decision, especially in the dynamic field of private markets, it is recommended that you seek advice from professional advisors. The information contained herein does not imply endorsement of any third parties or investment opportunities mentioned. Our market views and investment insights are subject to change and may not always reflect the most current developments. No assumption should be made regarding the profitability of any securities, sectors, or markets discussed. Past performance is not indicative of future results, and investing in private markets involves unique risks, including the potential for loss. Historical and hypothetical performance figures are provided to illustrate possible market behaviors and should not be relied upon as predictions of future performance.


What is the purpose of USDC?

The purpose of USDC (USD Coin) is to provide a digital currency that is stable and reliable, with its value pegged to the US dollar. USDC’s purpose is to provide a trustworthy and accessible digital currency that can be seamlessly integrated into everyday financial activities, empowering individuals and businesses to participate in the digital economy with confidence.

Long-term, is the USDC safe?

USDC (USD Coin) is designed to be safe in the long term with its value pegged to the US dollar and a 1:1 reserve backing. Circle, the company behind USDC, prioritizes regulatory compliance and conducts audits to maintain transparency and stability. However, it’s important to note that as with any investment or digital asset, there are inherent risks, and staying informed about regulatory changes and technological advancements is important for making well-informed decisions.

What blockchain is Circle built on?

Circle is built on multiple blockchains. Initially, Circle launched USDC on the Ethereum blockchain, which served as its primary foundation. However, Circle has expanded the availability of USDC to other blockchains to enhance accessibility and offer greater flexibility to users. As of now, USDC is natively available on multiple blockchains, including Ethereum, Algorand, Solana, Stellar, Avalanche, and others. This multi-chain approach allows users to choose the blockchain that best suits their needs while still enjoying the benefits and utility of USDC.

What is the current digital currency market size?

According to Grand View Research, the global cryptocurrency market size was valued at $4.67 billion in 2022 and is expected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.5% from 2023 to 2030.


Sunita Arnold

Sunita Arnold

As Director of Content Strategy at Linqto, Sunita deftly merges creative and strategic planning. Guiding a talented team, she aligns content with marketing objectives to deliver compelling, brand-consistent materials. Her diverse 15+ year career spans fintech, healthcare, and public relations, with highlights including managing investor relations for an alternate investment platform, steering business development in a leading PR firm's sports and entertainment sectors, and overseeing operations for a wealth management data service. Her past achievements include significantly contributing to the growth and efficiency of a top global fund administrator. Keeping pace with industry trends, Sunita applies her strategic acumen and market insight to advance Linqto's content strategy.