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How to Invest in Space: Your Guide to Thriving in Space Economy Investments

By Sunita Arnold, Dec 11, 2023

Alt text: "Digital art of a planet with illuminated rings against a dark space background with a distant sun, evoking the grandeur of the solar system.

The space industry is undergoing a transformation with projections estimating the global space economy poised to reach $1 trillion by 2040. Driven by both private ventures and public-sector initiatives, this sector is opening up a cosmos of investment opportunities, ranging from satellite broadband and space tourism to launch services. So, what does this mean for you as an investor? This represents a unique opportunity to be part of a rapidly growing market. The space economy offers a chance to engage with cutting-edge technologies and innovative business models. Join us as we navigate the celestial landscape of space investing and explore the opportunities that lie ahead, including how to invest in space.

Key Takeaways

  • The space economy is expanding with a variety of investment opportunities.
  • Diversification in investments is key to balance risk and reward.
  • Future growth areas include reusable rockets, manned Mars missions, and asteroid mining.

What is Space Economy?

The space economy refers to the full range of activities and the use of resources that create value and benefits to human beings in the course of exploring, understanding, managing, and utilizing space. It’s a broad term that encapsulates not only traditional space endeavors such as satellite communications, GPS, and space exploration but also encompasses a variety of other sectors like space tourism, asteroid mining, and the manufacturing of space-related technology.

This economy is rapidly evolving from one dominated by the public sector to a more dynamic model where private enterprise plays a significant role. Key components of the space economy include:

  • Satellite Communication and Earth Observation: These are vital for telecommunication, weather forecasting, global positioning systems, and environmental monitoring.

  • Space Exploration and Science: Ventures that extend human knowledge and capabilities in space.

  • Commercial Space Products and Services: This includes the development of spacecraft, launch vehicles, and other technologies that support space missions.

  • Space Tourism and Colonization: With companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin, this nascent sector aims to make space travel accessible to private individuals.

The evolving space economy offers vast potential for economic growth, innovation, and the advancement of human knowledge.

The History of Space Technology

Space technology has an illustrious history, marked by milestones such as the first human landing on the moon and the deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope. Initially, space exploration and technology were predominantly government-led, with agencies like NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), and ESA (Europe) leading the charge.

Key Historical Moments

  • 1957: Launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union, the first artificial Earth satellite.

  • 1961: Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to journey into outer space.

  • 1969: Apollo 11 mission leads to the first human steps on the Moon.

  • 1981: Launch of the first Space Shuttle, introducing reusable spacecraft.

  • 1990: Deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope, revolutionizing space observation.

  • 1998: International Space Station (ISS) launches, becoming a symbol of international cooperation in space.

  • 2004: SpaceShipOne completes the first privately funded human spaceflight.

  • 2012: SpaceX’s Dragon capsule becomes the first commercial spacecraft to dock with the ISS.

  • 2015: Blue Origin’s New Shepard space vehicle successfully lands back on Earth.

  • 2016: Juno spacecraft enters Jupiter’s orbit.

  • 2018: Astranis launches its first commercial satellite, marking a significant step in providing satellite broadband internet to underserved regions around the world.

  • 2020: SpaceX’s Crew Dragon carries astronauts to the ISS.

  • 2021: NASA’s Perseverance rover lands on Mars.

  • 2022: James Webb Space Telescope launches.

  • 2023: Axiom Space’s first module for the new commercial space station is set to launch.

The entry of private companies has spurred innovation and reduced costs. Companies like SpaceX have revolutionized the industry with reusable rockets, while others, like Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic, are pioneering space tourism.

SpaceTech’s Potential and Value

Space technology plays a critical role in modern society. Its applications and benefits extend far beyond space exploration:

  • Global Communication Networks: Satellites, like those from Astranis, are vital in enabling global telecommunications and internet services. They effectively connect remote and isolated areas to the broader world, enhancing worldwide connectivity and information access.

  • Environmental Monitoring and Management: Space technology is essential for climate monitoring, disaster management, and environmental protection.

  • Navigation and Transportation: GPS technology, originating from space tech, is vital for navigation and has applications in various industries including logistics, aviation, and maritime.

  • Scientific Research and Development: Space exploration contributes to our understanding of the universe and has led to numerous technological spin-offs in fields like medicine, materials science, and computing.

The value of space technology is immeasurable, continually pushing the boundaries of human capability and knowledge.

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The Expanding Space Economy and Investment Opportunities

The space economy’s growth is being propelled by several factors:

  • Advancements in Satellite Technology: Innovations in miniaturization and cost reduction have expanded the utility and accessibility of satellite technology.

  • Increased Affordability of Space Travel: With private companies entering the market, the cost of launching satellites and space travel has significantly decreased.

  • Growing Interest in Extraterrestrial Resources: There’s increasing interest in the potential of mining asteroids for valuable materials and the exploration of Mars.

  • Development in Space Infrastructure: This includes the construction of space stations, habitats, and other infrastructural elements in space.

Investment opportunities in the space economy are abundant, ranging from direct investment in space startups and established companies to space-focused ETFs and venture funds. Investors have the chance to participate in a variety of sectors within the space economy, contributing to and benefiting from the industry’s growth and innovation.

The global space industry has come a long way from the government-dominated space race era. Today, it encompasses a diverse range of commercial players, such as satellite broadband internet providers, space tourism companies, and launch service providers, all catering to the needs of commercial customers. As a result, the space sector has become increasingly attractive to investors looking for high-risk, high-reward opportunities, even extending to projects like the International Space Station.

As we witness the progression of the space industry, it’s essential to recognize the key areas propelling its growth. Satellite broadband internet, space tourism, and launch services are all vital components of this expanding economy, each presenting unique investment prospects. Let’s take a closer look at these exciting opportunities and their potential impact on the industry.

Satellite Broadband Internet Access

Imagine a world where data is readily accessible at high speeds globally, even in the most remote corners of the Earth. This vision a is becoming a reality through satellite broadband internet, driven by demands from cutting-edge industries like autonomous cars, artificial intelligence, and virtual reality. By 2040, it’s projected to capture an impressive 70% of the space industry’s $1 trillion revenue, as indicated by the s network space index.

The surge in demand is enabled by advancements such as reusable rockets, mass-produced satellite, and innovative  satellite technology. These developments have drastically reduced satellite launch costs, making internet access more accessible and affordable worldwide, thereby presenting numerous investment opportunities. 

Space Tourism

The experience of weightlessness and the stunning views of Earth from space, once exclusive to astronauts, are now accessible to private citizens through space tourism. Space tourism is an emerging market that offers private citizens the opportunity to experience the wonders of outer space for leisure. Companies like Blue Origin, SpaceX, and Virgin Galactic are pioneering this industry, offering various experiences at different price points. For example, a Virgin Galactic spaceship journey costs around $450,000, while a 10-day trip on an Axiom Space spacecraft is priced at $55 million. Despite these substantial costs, demand is strong, with over 700 people on Virgin Galactic’s waiting list. This sector, with its potential for growth, could evolve into a profitable investment opportunity as the industry matures.Launch Services

Launch services are crucial in space exploration, linking Earth to outer space. Innovators like SpaceX and Rocket Lab have transformed this market, offering cost-effective solutions for satellite deployment. Rocket Lab, for instance, offers competitive prices around $5 million per flight. Their success is due to factors like reusability, streamlined manufacturing, vertical integration, high launch frequency, and market competition. These innovations have led to a surge in launches, driving the growth of the space industry and creating new investment avenues.

Artificial Intelligence

AI’s integration into space technology is fundamentally altering the landscape of space exploration and utilization. In spacecraft navigation, AI systems are essential for autonomously guiding spacecraft, particularly in distant or uncharted regions where direct human control is impractical. These systems process and analyze data from various onboard sensors and external sources, allowing for real-time decision-making during complex space maneuvers.With data analysis, the role of AI is equally transformative. Space missions produce a vast amount of data, and AI algorithms are adept at sifting through this data, recognizing patterns, and extracting valuable insights that might otherwise be overlooked. This function of AI is critical for tasks like monitoring planetary surfaces, analyzing atmospheric data, and even searching for signs of extraterrestrial life.

Furthermore, AI contributes significantly to mission planning, where it assists in optimizing flight paths, managing resources, and predicting potential issues before they arise. The use of AI in simulation and predictive analysis helps in creating more efficient and safer mission plans, reducing the risk of costly errors. AI’s role in space missions spans from enhancing operational efficiency through autonomous navigation and advanced data processing to improving mission planning with predictive analytics. This integration of AI not only optimizes current space missions but also paves the way for more ambitious and complex space explorations in the future.

Robotic Spacecraft Technology

Robotic spacecraft technology has become a cornerstone in space exploration, enabling missions beyond the scope of human capabilities. These spacecraft are designed to withstand extreme space environments, such as the vacuum of space, intense radiation, and extreme temperatures, which makes them ideal for long-duration missions in challenging conditions.

Their primary role is in planetary exploration and satellite maintenance. Robotic spacecraft can land on other planets, moons, and asteroids, conducting surveys, collecting samples, and transmitting critical data back to Earth. This information not only enriches our understanding of the universe but also lays the groundwork for future manned space missions.

Moreover, advancements in robotics have led to more sophisticated tools like robotic arms and rovers, which are essential for detailed exploration of extraterrestrial surfaces. These technologies allow for in-depth analysis and research, making missions that were once considered too hazardous or complex feasible.

Robotic spacecraft technology is pivotal in modern space exploration. It enhances our ability to conduct extensive scientific research and exploration while overcoming the limitations and risks associated with human space travel. As this technology continues to evolve, it promises to unlock even more possibilities for discovery and exploration in the vast expanse of space.

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How to Invest in the Space Sector

Investing in the space sector doesn’t have to be an all-or-nothing endeavor. By diversifying your investments through space company stock, space-focused ETFs and individual stocks you can minimize risk while tapping into the potential rewards of this rapidly growing market.

Whether you’re interested in specific companies like Lockheed Martin and Virgin Galactic or prefer broader exposure through ETFs like ARK Space Exploration and Innovation (ARKX), there are numerous ways to customize your space investments.

We’ll examine some of the leading space stocks and ETFs to monitor as you traverse the final frontier of finance.

Buying Private Space Company Stock

Investing in private space companies, like Axiom Space or Astranis, offers an avenue to participate in the evolving space industry. These companies, which are involved in areas such as space station development and satellite internet services, showcase the varied activities within the sector. Gaining shares in such private firms usually requires navigating pre-IPO offerings or accessing private markets, a process that platforms like Linqto can facilitate. However, this kind of investment typically carries higher risks compared to public markets and necessitates extensive research and due diligence. Investors interested in the specific technological advancements and potential of the space industry often explore this route.

Buying Space Stocks

The dynamic nature of the space industry presents unique opportunities for investors. Companies like Lockheed Martin have demonstrated success with significant achievements, such as deploying spacecraft to Mars and developing advanced communication networks. Virgin Galactic is making strides in commercial space travel, while Rocket Lab USA stands out in the small satellite launch market. Investing in these companies provides exposure to innovative technologies and industry leadership. Each company has its unique strengths and market position, reflecting the diverse opportunities within the space industry.

Buying Space-Focused ETFs

For those seeking a diversified investment approach, space-focused Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) are a viable option. ETFs like Procure Space (UFO), ARK Space Exploration and Innovation (ARKX), and SPDR S&P Kensho Final Frontiers (ROKT) offer a spread of investments across the sector. These ETFs include a range of companies from different facets of the space industry, including established aerospace firms and emerging space technology companies. This diversification can help mitigate the risks associated with investing in individual stocks.

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Mergers, Acquisitions, and Partnerships in the Space Industry

In the rapidly evolving space industry, mergers, acquisitions, and partnerships play a crucial role in driving growth and development. As companies seek to expand their capabilities and enter new markets, these strategic moves can reshape the industry landscape and create opportunities for investors.

From Aerojet Rocketdyne’s attempted acquisition by L3Harris to the SPAC mergers of Spire Global and Planet Labs, the space industry has experienced a flurry of M&A activity and strategic partnerships in recent years. We’ll examine how these deals have influenced the industry and their implications for investors.

Recent M&A Activity

The space industry is no stranger to mergers and acquisitions, as companies look for ways to consolidate resources, capture market share, and accelerate growth. For example, L3Harris announced plans to acquire Aerojet Rocketdyne for $4.7 billion, providing them with new opportunities in hypersonic, missile defense, and advanced rocket technologies.

At the same time, SPAC mergers have enabled private companies like Spire Global and Planet Labs to go public and access much-needed capital. These mergers allowed both companies to leverage capital and gain access to the public markets, fueling their growth and creating new investment opportunities.

With the ongoing evolution of the space industry, investors should anticipate increased M&A activity, driven by consolidation and collaboration needs.

Strategic Partnerships

Beyond mergers and acquisitions, strategic partnerships in the space industry can also accelerate development and provide access to industry connections and expertise. By partnering with investment companies, space sector players can expedite the advancement of their corporate venture arms and enhance their ability to act swiftly on appealing investment opportunities.

Examples of strategic partnerships in the space industry include NASA’s collaborations with international, intergovernmental, academic, industrial, and entrepreneurial communities, as well as SpaceX’s collaborations with NASA. These partnerships enable organizations to pool resources, share knowledge, and co-develop innovative solutions, ultimately driving progress in the space industry and creating new investment opportunities.

Challenges and Risks in Space Investing

Investing in the space industry, like any other sector, involves risks and challenges. Factors such as regulatory complexities, technological advancements, and market volatility must be considered. Investors need to stay informed about industry trends and regulatory changes. Understanding these dynamics is essential for making informed investment decisions.

Regulatory Hurdles

The field of space exploration and utilization is governed by a complex web of regulations, including those set by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for commercial space transportation and international agreements like the Outer Space Treaty. These regulations are designed to ensure cooperation, transparency, and equal access to space but can pose challenges for new entrants in the market. For investors, navigating this intricate regulatory landscape is important. Compliance with these regulations and obtaining necessary authorizations can lead to significant investment opportunities, fostering innovation and potentially accelerating the growth of the space economy.

Technological Advancements

The space industry is continuously evolving, with technology at its forefront. For instance, reusable rockets, such as SpaceX’s Falcon 9, are changing the economics of space exploration, potentially reducing costs substantially. However, investing in such cutting-edge technology carries its own set of challenges and uncertainties. Investors need to be well-informed about the latest developments and conduct thorough research to effectively identify and capitalize on promising opportunities in the space sector.

Market Volatility

Investing in the space industry involves navigating a market that is still maturing and can be highly volatile. Market price fluctuations can offer potential rewards, but they also come with significant risks. Investors looking to succeed in this dynamic environment can adopt strategies such as diversifying their portfolios, staying well-informed about industry trends, focusing on long-term growth, applying risk management techniques, and seeking professional financial advice.

The Future of Space Exploration and Its Impact on Investments

The future of space exploration holds immense potential for the industry and its investors. Developments like reusable rockets, manned missions to Mars, and asteroid mining are expanding the realm of possibilities. How will these developments impact investments in the space industry, and what opportunities will they create? These advancements could lead to new investment opportunities in areas such as satellite manufacturing, rocket launching, space data services, space tourism, and space resource extraction. Keeping abreast of these developments and understanding their implications is vital for investors aiming to leverage upcoming opportunities in the space exploration frontier.

Reusable Rockets

The advancement of reusable rocket technology, exemplified by SpaceX’s Falcon 9, is poised to significantly alter the economics of space travel by drastically reducing launch costs. This innovation is not only a milestone in rocket engineering but also a catalyst for broader accessibility to space. The increasing use of reusable rockets is expected to open up new avenues for investment, particularly in sectors like satellite manufacturing, rocket launch services, and space data analysis. This shift towards reusability presents a substantial growth potential within the market, offering investors a chance to be part of a transformative phase in the space industry.

Manned Missions to Mars

SpaceX’s plan to initiate manned missions to Mars as early as 2029 or 2030 signifies a major leap in space exploration. These missions are anticipated to extend the boundaries of human presence in space and potentially lead to the development of new sectors like space tourism, advanced aerospace technologies, and space resource utilization. The prospect of humans on Mars brings with it a range of investment opportunities, from the technologies enabling these missions to the potential commercial applications that may arise. Investors attuned to these developments might find themselves at the forefront of a historic expansion in space exploration.

Asteroid Mining

The concept of asteroid mining, though still in the early stages, holds promise for radically changing the space industry by tapping into the wealth of resources available in asteroids, such as minerals, water, and hydrogen. These materials, highly sought after on Earth, could support both space-based operations and terrestrial markets. As the technology for asteroid mining continues to progress, it could give rise to new investment possibilities in areas including space mining equipment, processing technologies, and infrastructure development. For investors, this emerging field represents a frontier with the potential for substantial impact on both the space economy and Earth-based industries.

Summary: How to Invest in Space Industry

The space industry is currently undergoing a remarkable phase of expansion and innovation, fueled by technological breakthroughs and a surge in private capital. This evolving landscape offers a plethora of opportunities, ranging from satellite broadband internet and space tourism to advanced launch services. Investors have the chance to engage with this dynamic market through various channels, including direct investments in space stocks and diversified approaches via space-focused ETFs.

Looking ahead, the journey into space exploration is lined with both challenges and potential. It’s essential for investors to stay well-informed and proactive in recognizing the evolving landscape of emerging technologies, while also adeptly navigating the intricate web of industry regulations. In doing so, they position themselves to effectively leverage the myriad opportunities emerging in this bold new era of space exploration and development. With careful strategy and insight, investors have the unique opportunity to contribute to, and benefit from, a sector that’s not just reaching new heights but also redefining the boundaries of human achievement and knowledge.

This material, provided by Linqto, is for informational purposes only and is not intended as investment advice or any form of professional guidance. Before making any investment decision, especially in the dynamic field of private markets, it is recommended that you seek advice from professional advisors. The information contained herein does not imply endorsement of any third parties or investment opportunities mentioned. Our market views and investment insights are subject to change and may not always reflect the most current developments. No assumption should be made regarding the profitability of any securities, sectors, or markets discussed. Past performance is not indicative of future results, and investing in private markets involves unique risks, including the potential for loss. Historical and hypothetical performance figures are provided to illustrate possible market behaviors and should not be relied upon as predictions of future performance.


Can I invest money in SpaceX?

Though SpaceX isn’t publicly traded, qualified investors can sometimes access shares through pre-IPO secondary markets.

Is it good to invest in space?

Investing in space offers potential long-term rewards, but it’s important to consider the associated risks.

Is it possible to invest in NASA?

Direct investment in NASA isn’t an option, but opportunities exist through investing in public companies that partner with NASA.

Does Linqto offer Private Company Stocks for Space Companies?

Yes, Linqto does offer private company stocks for space companies. Specifically, Linqto provides investment opportunities in Astranis and Axiom Space, which are part of the growing space industry. Astranis is known for its satellite technology, while Axiom Space is involved in developing commercial space stations. These offerings allow investors to participate in the space sector through investments in private companies that are contributing to the industry’s expansion and innovation.


  • John Bacha Boiy

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  • johnlee

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Sunita Arnold

Sunita Arnold

As Director of Content Strategy at Linqto, Sunita deftly merges creative and strategic planning. Guiding a talented team, she aligns content with marketing objectives to deliver compelling, brand-consistent materials. Her diverse 15+ year career spans fintech, healthcare, and public relations, with highlights including managing investor relations for an alternate investment platform, steering business development in a leading PR firm's sports and entertainment sectors, and overseeing operations for a wealth management data service. Her past achievements include significantly contributing to the growth and efficiency of a top global fund administrator. Keeping pace with industry trends, Sunita applies her strategic acumen and market insight to advance Linqto's content strategy.